The Cryogenic Industry

by Cryonos Project on January 09, 2023

The cryogenic industry is an extremely interesting and diverse field. One that is rapidly growing and attracting many new businesses and individuals. Many are interested in the industry because it offers them the chance to make a difference. Some of these businesses are located in North America and other places, like Africa and the Middle East.

Middle East & Africa

The Middle East and Africa cryogenic industry is a highly growing one. This region holds the largest share of the global Cryotherapy and Cryosurgery market.


Cryogenic equipment are used in many industries. They are used in liquefying gasses to obtain a liquid state. Various industries use these gases, including medical, petroleum, and petrochemicals.

Cryogenic tanks are also widely used in transporting frozen products and industrial gases. These devices are designed for the storage of liquefied gasses at high pressures. Besides storing liquefied gasses, cryogenic equipment are also used for the transportation of liquid nitrogen.


With the increase in the production and consumption of natural gases, the demand for liquified natural gas is expected to drive the global cryogenic equipment market. The growth of the industry is primarily driven by the demand for a wide range of end-use applications.


Liquified natural gas is used in various industries for electricity generation, heating homes, and cooking. However, it is expensive to store and transport.


The key players in the industry are well established, providing lucrative growth opportunities. Some of the factors influencing the market include technological advancements, cost declines, and the availability of raw materials. Other drivers are the rise in the demand for energy and power, and the need for energy storage.


The Middle East and Africa gas equipment market is segmented by process, gas, equipment type, and end user. Countries in the region have been facing challenges in the oil and gas sector. In recent years, countries have suffered from a lack of storage and transportation of natural gas.

North America

North America is one of the world's leading producers of oil and natural gas. It is also home to a large number of industrial sectors. The demand for cryogenic equipment in this region is driven by several factors. Among these are the growing demand for liquefied natural gas and increasing investments in gas-based power plants.


Cryogenic equipment is used in various industries, such as chemical and petrochemical, food and beverages, and metallurgy. It includes pumps, tanks, dewars, vaporizers, heat exchangers, and other accessories.


The report provides market size and forecasts, along with analysis of the key factors that are impacting the industry. This market study identifies the major countries and regions of the North America cryogenic industry, along with a detailed review of the industry's main growth drivers and challenges.


There are a number of major players in the North America cryogenic equipment market. These include SHI Cryogenics Group, Cosmodyne, Cryogenic Industries, Inc., and Nikkiso Co., Ltd.


The demand for cryogenics-based energy storage will become more critical as the world shifts toward renewable electricity generation. However, the cost of specialty materials is holding back the industry. In addition, maintenance and repair costs are a factor that limits the industry's expansion.


Increased awareness about the use of clean and green energy sources is expected to boost the market. Also, the development of unconventional oil & gas resources is expected to drive industry growth.

Liquid Air Energy Storage (LAES) technology

Liquid air energy storage systems (LAES) are a promising technology that has been attracting a lot of attention in recent years. It is based on an energy-efficient liquefaction process and uses commercial off-the-shelf components. The system has also drawn interest for industrial applications.


Unlike pumped hydro, liquid air storage systems don't have geographical limitations. They are highly modular and can be used in grid-connected locations. Compared to other technologies, LAES has a low levelized cost of storage.


Typical size of an LAES plant is around 50 MW. However, there are systems that range from 5 MW to 100 s+ MW. Depending on the energy source and the location, LAES plants can store anywhere from six hours to a few days of capacity.


As of now, several projects are in development. Most of them are designed for grid support. These include a 250 MWh facility in the United Kingdom, a 300 MWh facility in Spain, and a 400 MWh facility in the United States.


The main benefit of liquid air energy storage systems is that they can take advantage of industrial waste heat and cold. These sources of excess energy can be stored and reused to produce a clean and renewable form of power.


In addition, the use of the air Rakine cycle reduces the overall exergy destruction during the heat-exchanging process. This helps improve the round-trip efficiency of the system.


Automotive

Cryogenic treatment is a process that uses liquid nitrogen to restructure the molecular structure of metal auto parts. This reduces friction and enhances their wear resistance. In addition, it can improve corrosion resistance and increase density.


The automotive industry is a major user of cryogenic equipment. Automotive parts are often subjected to a cooling tray, which is a vacuum insulated dewar filled with cryogenic liquid.


Although the traditional cooling trays are still used, the use of electric cooling has increased. Cryogenic engineers are working on a new design for cooling trays.


Automotive component performance depends on the material selection, design, and production costs. Cryogenic processing can extend the life of auto parts, improving their durability and decreasing downtime.


Cryogenic treatments can be used for heat transfer applications, metal forming processes, and material removal processes. They can also be applied in narrow tolerance environments.


Cryogenic treatment of car parts has been used in racing circuits for several years. Racing teams in NASCAR and Formula 1 have been using this technology. It can also be used in professional motor shops.


The cryogenic industry has seen rapid industrialization in recent years. Government policies have supported the growth of the industry. Also, growing disposable income has contributed to the widespread adoption of this technology. Consequently, it is expected that the automotive cryogenic industry will see substantial growth over the forecast period.


As a result, the market is segmented by region, type, application, and company. North America is projected to hold the largest share of the global cryogenic liquid transport vehicle market in 2018. Asia Pacific is projected to grow at the highest CAGR over the forecast period.

Electronics

Electronics in the cryogenic industry are used in specialized applications. These include cell phone base station preamplifiers, millimeter wave receivers, nuclear magnetic resonance receivers, and supercomputers.


Cryogenics enhances the mechanical and electrical performance of power electronics devices. The decrease in on-resistance and voltage drop increases switching speeds. Also, the electrical conductivity of materials improves, reducing parasitic losses.

However, there are a number of drawbacks to using cryogenics. Some of the major ones are thermal insulation, volume, and cost.


Thermal insulation adds complexity and increases cost. Moreover, the encapsulants used in the packaging of power devices are not compatible with cryogenic temperatures. Therefore, most commercially available power modules and systems are not suited for cryogenic use.


In addition, the low temperature environment requires a high power density. Additionally, there are certain semiconductor devices that perform better at low temperatures.


One of the most important advantages of operating power electronics at cryogenic temperatures is the reduced weight and power dissipation. Cryogenic treatment of electronics also reduces metallic gaps, producing a more accurate signal.

The application of cryogenics in the electronics industry is expanding. A number of companies are developing enhanced products and technologies. These include STAR Cryoelectronics, which is based in Santa Fe, N.M. and is the leading worldwide supplier of ultrasensitive quantum sensors. It also offers custom thin film foundry services.


For more information, contact STAR Cryoelectronics. Besides designing and manufacturing X-ray detectors based on superconductors, the company offers cryogen-free ADR cryostats.


Food & beverage

Keeping food fresh is a top priority for manufacturers and distributors. With the rise in demand for frozen foods, more companies are using cryogenic equipment for chilling and freezing.


The food and beverage industry is expected to continue its growth during the forecast period. Technological advancements and the increasing need for clean energy are projected to drive the market.


Cryogenic freezing is not only environmentally friendly, but it also ensures quality and texture. This technology is also beneficial in reducing bacteria activity in food. It can help food manufactures to freeze more food in a shorter time.


Besides food preservation, cryogenics can be used for many other applications. For example, nitrogen can be used for cyanidation. It is widely used in the metallurgical sector.


As the demand for clean energy continues to grow, the demand for cryogenics is expected to increase. This is driven by a number of factors, including the development of hybrid electric vehicles. Combined power station energy storage projects are also projected to boost the market.


Cryogenic equipment is also used in the chemical and petrochemical sector. Growth is projected to be driven by a significant investment in the healthcare and energy sector.

Food and beverage manufacturers are also relying on the use of specialty gases for optimal processing. Whether it's preserving ingredients or protecting their quality and taste, these gases are vital for food manufacturers and distributors.

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